Understanding Prostate Cancer

Prostate cancer is a type of cancer that exclusively affects men. Even though it is not one of the most aggressive types of cancer, it is known to affect a vast majority of men especially in the late age of above 50 years old. A lot of men, however, still don’t understand this disease correctly. Perhaps this is one of the reasons that more people continue exposing themselves to risk factors associated with the disease resulting in increased incidence rate. Understanding the disease will help us not just to know how we can best deal with the disease, but also how we can avoid it in the first place.

So what is prostate cancer?

Prostate cancer is a type of cancer that affects the prostate gland which makes up part of the male reproductive system. Since the disease is slow progressive in most cases, most men will never know they have it, especially if they are in their old age. Cases of prostate cancer being detected after the patient has already died of other causes are quite common.

What are its signs and symptoms?

There are usually no any noticeable signs and symptoms of prostate cancer during its early stage. In fact, most men will find out they have cancer when having a blood test or a routine checkup of something else. In some cases, there will, however, be several symptoms. These include:

treatment-for-prostate-cancerI. People with prostate cancer are likely to experience more frequent urination rate. They may be often waking up at night to urinate.

ll. Starting to urinate could also be a challenge among people with prostate cancer. In others, once the urination has begun, maintaining it could also be a problem.

lll. Urinating could be painful in men having prostate cancer.

lV. Pain may be experienced during ejaculation as well.

V. Urine might contain strains of blood.

What factors contribute to prostate cancer?

Family genetics

Between 5 to 10% cases of prostate cancer are as a result of inheriting damaged DNA. Researchers have proven that if there is a family member who has/had prostate cancer, then the chances are higher that a sibling is also likely to develop the disease at some point in his life. Inherited mutations in various genes will, therefore, be passed down through different generations spreading cancer from one family member to another.


A report from Prostate Cancer Foundation shows that this particular type of cancer is rare among young men. Only one man in ten thousand who are under 40 years old will develop prostate cancer. As the age goes towards 50, more cases of the cancer are reported, with the highest incidence rate in men at the age of over 65 years. Men at an older age are at a much higher risk and, therefore, need to take more measures trying to avoid the disease.

Race and ethnicity

Although it is not clear how race and ethnical lines relate to prostate cancer, there has been a reported link showing how men of different races are equipped with better genes to fight cancer. White-Americans, for example, are less likely to contract the disease as compared to Afro-Americans, and even when the former do, it is usually less aggressive.


A diet with high levels of fat dairy products and red meat is considered to be a risk factor causing prostate cancer. Insufficient consumption of vegetables and fruits has also been said to be a contributing factor to developing prostate cancer.

The Mediterranean diet, green tea, soy, low-fat foods, and lots of vegetables and fruits are highly recommended as an ideal diet for reducing the chances of getting prostate cancer.